volume 167  number 1


Corr. Member of the Academy D. Baladze, G. Romanadze

Relative Canonical Homological and Cohomological Groups of an Arbitrary Metric Space over Pairs of Coefficient Groups

Presented July 23, 2002

Abstract. In this paper, Alexandroff-Èech relative canonical homological and cohomological groups of an arbitrary metric space over pairs of coefficient groups are explained. A theorem of duality of these groups is proved. Moreover, exact and semiexact homological and cohomological sequences basing on epimorphic mapping of pairs of groups are constructed. It is shown that for specific conditions these sequences define Alexandroff-Èech relative canonical homological and cohomological groups over-pairs of coefficient groups by means of homological and cohomological groups of the same type over the arbitrary group of coefficients.

Key words: Alexandroff-Èech groups, coefficient groups, duality of groups, homological and cohomological sequences.


Corr. Member of the Academy E. Nadaraya

On the Statistics of the Test Criterion for the Hypothesis of the Equality of Several Distribution Densities

Presented December 3, 2002

Abstract. The paper deals with the statistics which describes a mutual deviation of several estimates of the density of a kernel type. The limit distribution of the considered statistics is found.

Key words: Kernel estimate, critical domain, close alternatives, power of criterion.


A. Beridze

Alexander-Spanier's Type Cohomology Theory with Compact Supports

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Berikashvili, May 21, 2002

Abstract. In this paper there is defined and studied Alexander-Spanier's type cohomology functor with compact supports on the category of closed pairs of topological spaces and proper maps.

Kay words: cohomology group, Steenrod-Eilenberg's axioms, compact support.


V. Tsagareishvili

Fourier_Haar Coefficients

Presented by Member of the Academy L. Zhizhiashvili, June 14, 2202

Abstract. In this paper we prove that Fourier-Haar coefficients and their differences have the same behavior for some classes.

Key words: Haar system, Fourier coefficient, modulus of continuity, bounded variation.


L. Turmanidze

On Uniform Strong Shape Theory

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy D. Baladze, June 14, 2002

Abstract. In this paper we develop a spectral strong shape theory for uniform spaces. We study the relationship with the strong topological shape and investigate the strong uniform shape of completion.

Key words: uniform space, uniform , uniform strong shape.


N. Kapanadze

The Reverse Minimal Entropy Martingale Measure for the Trinomial Scheme

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy E. Nadaraya, June 14, 2002

Abstract. In this paper we construct the martingale measure which minimize the reverse relative with respect to reference measure P in trinomial scheme.

Key words: trinomial scheme, martingale measure, entropy, reverse relative entropy.


N. Papukashvili

An Iteration Process for Nonlinear Discrete System of Equations for the Kirchhoff Beam

Presented by Member of the Academy R. Bantsuri, May 29, 2002

Abstract. An initial boundary value problem is considered for an integro-differential equation describing the oscillation of a beam. By using the Galerkin method and the Crank-Nicholson scheme the problem is discretized with respect to space and time variable. Obtained system of nonlinear algebraic equations, which is solved by the iteration method. The convergence of iterations is established.

Key words: beam, Kirchhoff equation, iteration method, convergence.


I. Bakhia

On the Dimension Modulo Classes of Topological Spaces

Presented by Member of the Academy H. Inasaridze, June 18, 2002

Abstract. Function of dimension modulo a (rather wide) class of spaces are considered and the conditions are found, under which the dimension of the product of spaces modulo these classes is equal to zero. Based on this results, the sufficient conditions are established, under which spaces of free topological semigroups (in the Marxen sense) and spaces of free topological groups (in the Markov and Graev sense) are zero-dimensional modulo classes of compact spaces.

Key words: dimension, product of spaces, topological groups, topological semigroups.


K. Svanadze

Solution of the Basic Contact Problem of Statics in the Linear Theory of Elastic Mixtures, when the Contact Curve is a Circle

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy R. Bantsuri, July 9, 2002

Abstract. Using representations of the general displacement vector and stress vector in the complex form, the solution of the basic contact problem of statics of the linear theory of elastic mixtures in the case, when a contact curve is a circle, we represent by potentials whose densities are known complex vector-functions on the contact curve.

Key words: contact problem of statics, linear theory of elastic mixtures.


I. Khazhalia

On some Unconditional Bases of Wavelets for Lebesgue Spaces Lp(R)

Presented by Member of the Academy L.Zhizhiashvili, May 28, 2002

Abstract. New sufficient conditions for unconditionality of the orthonormal wavelet bases for L2(R) associated with a multiresolution analysis in Lp(R), when 1<p<+¥, is obtained. More precisely, Gripenberg's integral condition under father and mother wavelets is weakened.

Key words: multiresolution, basis, Lp(R) (1<p<+¥) spaces, wavelet, unconditional.


O. Givradze

Some Properties of Semigroup , Defined by Semilattice of  Class

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy D. Baladze, March 5, 2002
Abstract. Structures of idempotent, regular and joined from outside element of BX(D) semigroup, defined by semilattice of S1(X,4) class are described in this article. For finite set X formulae for calculation of the number of the named elements and semilattices of S1(X,4) class are obtained. Maximal semigroups of idempotent elements and irreducible generating set of semigroup, generated by all the idempotents of semigroup BX(D) are described.

Key words: idempotent element, binary ratio, semigroup, semilattice.

Computer Sciences

G. Sirbiladze, B. Ghvaberidze

Possibilistic Analysis of the Fuzzy Covering Problem

Presented by Member of the Academy V. Chavchanidze, July 17, 2002

Abstract. The fuzzy covering problem is considered. A new criterion representing a maximum of belief of a fuzzy covering is constructed. Along with the criterion of covering cost minimization, a bicriterion problem is obtained.

Key words: Fuzzy covering, discrimination measures, levels of belief and possibility.


G. Kervalishvili, J. Javakhishvili

Influence of Cathode Radius on l=1 Diocotron Instability in a Gas-Discharge Electron Plasma in Magnetron Geometry

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Tsintsadze, July 23, 2002

Abstract. The diocotron instability of gas-discharge non-neutral electron plasma in magnetron geometry with thin cathode has been studied theoretically. The conditions of l=1 mode stability were found for increasing electron density. The dependence of these conditions on cathode radius and pressure was investigated.

Key words: nonneutral plasmas, diocotron instability, penning discharge.


Z. Kachlishvili, V. Jakeli, M. Khizanishvili, E. Khizanishvili

Formation of Inverse Distribution of Photoelectrons when Captured on Impurity Centers

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Sanadze, October 1, 2002

Abstract. We have studied the probability of creation of inverse distribution function of photoelectrons during capture on the attractive Coulomb centers in strictly determined conditions when heat-impact (HI) mechanism dominates. It is established that when inelastic processes of energy scattering control electrons lifetime tc(e) the inverse form of distribution function can be also obtained on the positive centers when captured. This was impossible in the process of capture during domination of Lax cascade mechanism.

Key words: impurity, photoelectrons, capture, inverse distribution.


P. Gogishvili

Determination of Optimal Weights for Threshold Element

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Amaglobeli, June 18, 2002

Abstract. The paper generalizes Bayes method for optimal weights of threshold element. The new method ensures determining the optimal weights for arbitrary values of probabilities of channel errors.

Key words: threshold element, Bayes method.


N. Margiani, I. Mzhavanadze, N. Sabashvili, G. Shurgaia, G. Tsintsadze

On The Search For High-Tc Superconducting Cuprate Structures

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Sanadze, July 30, 2002

Abstract. The dependence of superconducting transition temperatures of known cuprate superconductors on the parameter, which represents the ratio of oxygen atomic index to the sum of cations, entered into the structure is investigated. Favorable conditions for high-temperature superconductivity to occur are considered.

Key words: superconducting structures, search.


M. Gikoshvili

On the Period of Variability of Nova Cygni 1975 (V1500)

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy R. Kiladze, May 17, 2002

Abstract. In 1997-2001 the observations of Nova Cygni 1975 were made at the Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory using the 70 sm Meniscus-type telescope. It is found, that the period of variability decreased and became P=0d.1395576, and the average magnitude of V1500 Cyg appears 17 m. 92.

Key words: Nova, brightness, variability, period.


I. Aladashvili

Analysis of Seasonal Variations of Extreme Values of Air Temperature for Tbilisi City

Presented by Member of the Academy B. Balavadze, May 23, 2002

Abstract. It has been established that basic meteorological elements are subjected to fluctuations with diurnal period in the low layers of the atmosphere which is associated with time regime of solar radiation. This causes temperature variation of the Earth's surface air layer. Minimal temperature at the height of 2 m from the Earth's surface has been calculated.

Key words: air temperature, seasonal variation.

Analytical Chemistry

T. Rusieshvili-Dadianidze, N. Dzotsenidze, G. Kutateladze, E. Abulashvili

Kinetic Method of Lead Determination

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy D. Ugrekhelidze, June 2, 2002.

Abstract. Based on qualitative analysis the reaction of 1,8 aminooxynaphthalene-3,6-disulphonic acid oxidation by bromate (pH=5.5-6.6) has been chosen as lead indicator system. Optimal conditions for the proceeding of the reaction are established. A new kinetic method of Pb(II) determination with the threshold of detectability 0.1-10mg/ml Pb is proposed. The paper presents the description of selectivity of the method. The masking reagents are chosen in order to prevent the effect of outside ions. Reliability of the offered method is tested via determination of Pb(II) in model solutions and standard samples and by the comparison of the results of determination with those obtained using the classic dithiozone method. By this method Pb(II) content has been detected in electrolytic manganese dioxide.

Key words: kinetic method of analysis, lead determination.

Organic chemistry

R. Kublashvili, T. Sophromadze

Synthesis of N-Glucosides of Amino Benzoic Acids and Amino Phenols and their Transformation into Melanoidin

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy D. Ugrekhelidze, May 25, 2002

Abstract. On the basis of glucose and amino benzoic acids (o-, m-, and p-amino benzoic acids), and also of a glucose and aminophenols (o -, m-, and p-amino phenols), the corresponding N-glucosides are synthesized. Their transformation into melanoidin is studied.


Key words: N-carboxyphenyl glucosylamines, N-hydroxyphenyl glucosylamines, melanoidin.


Physical Chemistry

K. Sulaberidze, Z. Dzotsenidze, G. Bezarashvili, R. Gigauri, M. Museridze

The Kinetics of Triamylarsenite Transesterification with Ethyleneglycol

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Andronikashvili, July 16, 2002

Abstract. The kinetics of chemical reaction between triamylarsenite and ethyleneglycol at the ester excess has been investigated. Statistical analysis of the obtained results showed that reaction order with regard to glycol is equal to 2, but activation energy has the value 9.89 kcal/mole. The obtained kinetic model is in satisfactory agreement with experimental data.

Key words: triamylarsenite, transesterification, kinetic experiment.


R. Kvaratskhelia, E. Kvaratskhelia

Some Aspects of Dissociation of Weak Dibasic Acids with the Close Values of First and Second Dissociation Constants

Presented by Member of the Academy J. Japaridze, June 4, 2002

Abstract. The equations for an estimation of the dissociation constants of dibasic acids with the close values of  and  have been suggested and analyzed in a wide range of the variables of these equations.

Key words: dissociation constant, hydrogen ions, concentration, acid.

Chemical Technology

N. Gogishvili, N. Demuria, G. Agladze

Suspension Bath for Producing of Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy J. Japaridze, July 9, 2002

Abstract. The paper presents a new procedure of the manganese dioxide synthesis which implies the use of the suspension bath of a new construction wherein the particles of solid phase are maintained in suspended state by the hot air flow. The latter simplifies the process. At high anode current densities (185 A/dm2) a two-fold increase of the process efficiency is observed. With low energy consumption the 90-91% MnO2 of g-modification is produced in which the chemical structure and composition typical for the product received from the standard electrolyte at low current density (80 A/dm2) is maintained.

Key words: suspension bath, manganese dioxide, construction, efficiency, particle, air flow.

Economic Geography

M. Ratiani

Dynamics of the Development of Geography of Education in Georgia

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy Z. Tatashidze, March 7, 2002

Abstract. In the present paper we consider the problems of geography of education in Georgia for 1990-2000. The size of the town and its population are in direct connection with the number of the educational institutions. Poor financing becomes the principal factor for leaving the spheres of knowledge. As a result of complex relief different educational structures are being created for the East and West Georgia.

Key words: geography of education, polycentral structure of education, flow of entrants.


N. Kochlamazashvili

Calculation of the River Aragvi Flow Using Humidity Exchange Parameters

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy Z. Tatashidze, June 4, 2002

Abstract. Using humidity exchange characteristics (precipitation and vapor) for the river Aragvi basin we have calculated a significant parameter having practical importance, i.e. quantitative response of the flow. This makes possible to conduct extra and interpolation areas of the flow curve and to establish flow for any point and height.

Key words: river flow, humidity exchange parameters.


G. Gongadze

On the Volume of Danian Stage and its Position in the Geochronological Scale

Presented by Member of the Academy I. Gamkrelidze, July 9, 2002

Abstract. For determination of Danian stage position in geochronological scale the volume and character of its zonal complexes is of vital importance. The echinofauna existing in Crimea-Caucasus-Transcaspia sections makes it possible to distinguish three echinoid zones in this stage. Bearing in mind the fact of great extinction in the organic world at the Maastricht-Danian boundary, it looks reasonable to draw the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary at the Danian base.

Key words: Danian stage, geochronological scale, zone, echinofauna, extinction, boundary.


N. Vashakidze

Determination of Deformation Parameters and Rolling Force for the Case of Rolling in the New Roll Groovings

Presented by Member of the Academy I. Jordania, April 1, 2002

Abstract. The following new roll groovings are offered: flat oval-flat oval and flat oval-flat vertical oval. The new groovings distribute deformation uniformly and so provide a good quality of final product. New expressions for deformation effectiveness factor and rolling force for optimal design of roll groovings are obtained.

Key words: new roll groovings, rolling force.

Machine Building Science

Sh. Ogbaidze, Z. Svanidze, B. Gogichaishvili, S. Kenia

A Gaz Purifier Construction for Motor Vehicles

Presented by Member of the Academy R. Adamia, June, 6, 2002

Abstract. The report deals with the lead content in atmospheric air exceeding (8-10 times) permissible level, that is caused by gas emmision from auto transport. Proposed construction provides to purify emitted gas of lead by 70-75% without decreasing the automobile capacity.

Keywords: construction, emission, motor vehicle, environment, silencer, lead, filter.

Plant Physiology

G. Badridze, Sh. Chanishvili, N. Kacharava, L. Kobakhidze, E. Chkhubianishvili,

E. Giorgobiani, N. Datiashvili, M. Jgenti

Influence of Inoculation on Soybean Adaptivity to Ultraviolet Irradiation

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Nutsubidze, June 14, 2002

Abstract. Effect of inoculation on soybean (Glycine hispida, Max., var. "Adreula") adaptivity to ultraviolet radiation (UV) has been investigated in preflowering and flowering phases. For this purpose photosynthetic activity of leaves, respiration, dry matter accumulation content of plastid pigments, protein and starch were studied. Plants were inoculated by Rhizobium before the sowing and irradiated with high, middle and low intensities of full spectrum UV radiation during the whole vegetation. The obtained experimental results have shown, that UV radiation induced different changes among the studied indices of inoculated and uninoculated variants of soybean, making possible to say that, inoculated plants possess more potential abilities of adaptation to the changing conditions of UV radiation.

Key words: ultraviolet radiation, photosynthesis, respiration, dry matter, plastid pigments, inoculation, proteins, starch, soybean.

Genetics and Selection

K. Dolidze, A. Diasamidze

Peculiarities of Compatibility and Inheritance of Features in Diploid and Polyploid Forms of Tea

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy P. Naskidashvili, July 10, 2001

Abstract. Some peculiarities of compatability and inheritance of main tea species existed in Georgia (Kimini, Colkhic, Local Population) have been studied. Cytogenetic analysis of both diploid and polyploid forms of tea evidences that meiosis proceeds with some deviations. It has been established that tea species existed in Georgia sharply differ by compatibility. The majority of polyploid forms are imcompatible. A number of recombination and polyploid forms have been isolated.

Key words: tea, meiosis, diploid, polyploid, cultivation, selection.

Genetics and Selection

D. Baratashvili

An Impact of Technogenically Changed Environmental Conditions on Peculiarities of Formation of Chromosome Mutations in Tea Plant

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy P. Naskidashvili, July 23, 2002

Abstract. Peculiarities of formation of chromosome mutations in technogenically changed environment have been studied in industrial tea plantations of leading agricultural firms of Ajara-Guria region. The results of long-term investigations indicate high frequency (5.4%) and wide spectrum of chromosome mutations in tea plant throughout the territory under study.

Key words: mutation, chromosome, radionuclide.


G. Chkadua, Z. Kometiani

Determination of Number of Sites for Binding the Modifiers

Presented by Member of the Academy G. Kvesitadze, March 19, 2002

Abstract. One of the power parameters for velocity equation of the multi-site enzyme system is p. Determination of its numerical value is impossible, however, the value of pmin could be evaluated. There is a certain connection between pmin and the number of turning, inflection points and points of tangent passing the origin of the coordinates. In a case of certain value of essential activators and full inhibitors, the above noted dependence represents a manual. Determination of pmin allows to decipher the molecular mechanisms of enzyme systems, as evidenced by the geometrical shape of experimental curve.

Key words: multi-site enzyme system, partial effect modifier.


V. Aplakov, E. Kirtadze

Biotransformation of Glutaminic Acid during Alcoholic Fermentation

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Nutsubidze, June 21, 2002

Abstract. The conversion products of 514C-glutaminic acid were studied in the yeast and wine basic components. The carboxyl carbon of glutaminic acid was shown to participate in the synthesis of the yeast protein and free amino acids. During fermentation the extracellular compounds are also isolated in the medium. Among them the essential ones are lysine, aspartic acid, proline, succinic and malic acids. During alcoholic fermentation the carbon skeleton of exogenic glutamate is partially oxidized to carbon dioxide.

Key words: glutaminic acid, alcoholic fermentation, organic acids, amino acids.


E. Chikvaidze, I. Kirikashvili, T. Gogoladze, L. Chikvaidze

The Paramagnetic Consistence of Gallstones and the Possible Role of Bilirubin in their Formation

Presented by Corr.Member of the Academy N.Aleksidze, April 17, 2002

Abstract. It is shown that in the different types of gallstones the ESR (Electron Spin Resonance) singlet with parameters : g=2.003 and DH=1.0 mTl belongs to bilirubin free radical. The gallstones may be divided by their paramagnetic composition into the: cholesterol, brown pigment and black pigment stones. The ESR spectrum of only bilirubin free radical is observed in the cholesterol stones. In ESR spectrum from brown pigment stones, besides the above mentioned signal the high concentration of Mn(II) ions is observed. In ESR spectrum from black pigment stones with bilirubin free radical the signal of Fe(III) ions and comlexes of Cu(II) ions with proteins are observed. It is considered, that polymer network of bilirubin with complexes of different ions can be presented as the centres of gallstones crystallization.

Key words: ESR, gallstones, paramagnetic complexes, bilirubin.


M. Betsiashvili, N. Kuprava, T. Sadunishvili, Member of the Academy N. Nutsubidze

Study of the Soybean Protein Amino Acid Composition and Preparation of High Nutritional

Value Food Protein Product

Presented May 28, 2002

Abstract. Georgian varieties of soybean: Kartuli-7, Kolkhuri and the variety Armaviri taken for comparison, distinguished by high protein content were studied. The amino acid composition of combined preparation of albumins and globulins isolated from the defatted flour of each variety has been defined. In the studied varieties the total content of the main indispensable amino acids is rather high. At the same time it should be noted that high content of methionine conditions high level of sulphur-containing amino acids in the varieties studied. Based on this, the method of obtaining of valuable food protein containing selected albumins and globulins, which is different from traditional method of soybean protein product preparation, has been elaborated. The obtained porous product is characterized by high content of indispensable amino acids as well as methionine and thus has high nutritional value. The elaborated method of preparation of high nutritional value food protein from soybean is cost-effective and permits to avoid extra expenses needed for production of texturized soybean protein product.

Key words: soybean, amino acid composition, food protein.


M. Garuchava, Kh. Kakhniashvili, K. Bezhanishvili

Huminic Acids in the Process of Sorption of 2,4-D Herbicide with Chernozems of Eastern Georgia

Presented by Member of the Academy G. Kvesitadze, December 24, 2002

Abstract. Sorption of herbicide 2,4-D and ammonium salts with chernozems of East Georgia has been studied. Herbicide 2,4-D and its salts are mostly sorbed on the surface of mineral particles. Kaolin minerals are characterized by high adsorption active centres of which are Al3+ and Fe3+. The role of huminic acids, in the process of sorption of herbicide 2,4-D is defined. They cover the mineral part of the soil with a thin layer, therefore herbicide is accessable for soil microorganisms due to which it easily undergoes metabolizm. Its biotransformation products are less permeable by the roots to the plant, which causes the accumulation of 2,4-D and its biotransformation products in the soil for a long time.

Key words: herbicide, himinic acid, minerals, adsorption, chernozem.


M. Murvanidze, G. Weigmann, Kh. Tsiklauri

The Fauna and Ecology of Oribatid Mites (Acari: Oribatida) of Algethy Reserve (Georgia, Caucasus)

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy I. Eliava, June 11, 2002

Abstract. The oribatid mites of Algethy Reserve were studied. 50 species were registered, three species of them, Steganacarus striculus, Oppia maculata and Galumna rossica are new for the Georgian fauna. The oribatid communities of mixed wood, Picea, Pinus, Fagus, Quercus forests and grassed meadow were established. The coefficient of faunal likeness and dominance identities between the oribatid communities of plots were counted. The clusters of species- and dominance-identities are built. The importance of Algethi Reserve, as the survived natural ecosystem, is proved.

Key words: Algethy Reserve, Acari, Oribatida, faunal likeness, dominance identities.


N. Chipashvili, M. Mamaladze, M. Kldiashvili

Caries as a Disease of Myelin Fibers of Peripheral Nervous System

Presented by Member of the Academy T.Chanishvili, July 10, 2002

Abstract. We have studied the pulp of 10 patients suffering from caries. The observations show that certain structural changes in myelin fibers of dental pulp take place. The disorder of myelin structure leads to the change of conductivity, which is expressed by the growth of tooth sensitivity, i.e. pain. The material has been studied using light and electron microscopy.

Key words: caries, tooth, pulp, dentin, myelin fiber.

Experimental Medicine

N. Mamamtavrishvili

Changes in Nitric Oxide (NO) and Endothelin Content at Chronic Heart Failure Pathogenesis

Presented by Member of the Academy V. Bakhutashvili, October 29, 2002

Abstract. Changes in endothelin I and nitric oxide (NO) content have been studied in patients with heart ischemic desease and different functional classes of heart failure developed on the background of hypertonic disease. The functional class of heart failure was evaluated according to NÓÍÀ classification. As a result of investigation a sharp increase in endothelin content was revealed in patients of I and II functional classes, while NO content decreased in groups of patients of III and IV functional classes. These changes are supposed to be based on the development of preconditioning syndrome, which protects the myocardium from more severe injuries.

Key words: chronic heart failure, endothelin, ischemic preconditioning.

Experimental Medicine

K. Robakidze

Qualitative Changes of Skin Microflora and Microbiological Characterization of Etiological Agents during Staphyloderma

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Chanishvili, December 26, 2001

Abstract. Biological properties of staphylodermic etiological agents have been studied. The comparison of the obtained results was done according to clinical forms of the disease. It has been established that the biological properties of etiological agent don't depend on clinical form of the disease. Direct proportional correlation dependence between some pathogenic indices (enzyme hyaluronidase, lecithinase) and the size of purulent element has been revealed. It is found that this change starts one month earlier before the development of clinical picture and its complete restoration happens after clinical recovery a month later. Study of this flora is significant for the prognosis of staphyloderma.

Key words: staphyloderma, staphylococcal microflora, etiological agent.

Experimental Medicine

G. Barbakadze, M. Kvitashvili, G. Kamkamidze, M. Kiladze, G. Pipia

The Role of Inflammatory Cytokines in Immunopathogenesis of Chronic Hepatitis C

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T. Dekanosidze, July 11, 2002

Abstract. A total of fifty-six patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have been studied. Antiviral therapy including a-interferon and ribavirin was administered to all of these patients. Proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1b, IL-6, TNF-a, IFN-g) were measured in the blood serum before and after the treatment. Correlation between the concentration of cytokines, disease severity and effectiveness of antiviral treatment has been established.

Key words: chronic hepatitis C, inflammatory cytokines, interleukin, alfa-interferon, ribavirin.

Experimental Medicine

E. Jodjua, B. Kobulia, Z. Pagava, G. Mamaladze, Ts. Kristesiashvili, I. Mdivani

The Response of Arterial Blood Pressure on the Stimulation with Cold in the Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris and Different Degrees of Cold-Induced Dispersion of Ventricular Repolarization

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy N. Tatishvili, June 14, 2002

AbstrAct. The standard cold test insreases QT dispersion in patients with stable angina pectoris. The degree of increase in QT dispersion correlates with pronouncement of hemodynamic reaction on stimulation with cold.

Key words: QT dispersion, cold test, stable angina pectoris.


G. Adamia, G. Khatisashvili, T.Varazashvili, T. Ananiashvili, V. Gvakharia,

T. Adamia, Corr. Member of the Academy M. Gordeziani

Determination of the Type and Rate of Soil Contamination with Heavy Metals and Organic Toxicants on the Territories of Military Proving Grounds in Georgia

Presented June 25, 2002

Abstract. The soil samples were collected on the presumably contaminated by heavy metals and organic toxicants territories of firing practice, tank directrices, artillery shooting grounds and autodromes of military units. The results of the analyses showed that on local spots of proving grounds, exploited for exposition of targets, the content of lead and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene exceeds the maximum permissible concentration. Comparison of the data on soil chemical contamination of abolished and active proving grounds allowed to suppose that natural decrease of toxicants' concentration can take place.

Key words: lead, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, soil contamination.


A. Mtskhvetadze, G. Nadareishvili

Effect of Electromagnetic Field of Different Frequency Ranges on some Indices of Hormonal and Immune Systems

Presented by Member of the Academy K. Nadareishvili, July 30, 2002

Abstract. Influence of electromagnetic field (EMF) in frequency ranges from 40 to 60 Hz on the organism has a stimulating effect on hormonal and immune systems. At the same time 80 Hz frequency at induction of 3.6 mT leads to suppression of the same indices 20 and 100Hz frequencies have appreciable effect on the indices of the above-said systems. Consequently, there are frequencies exerting obviously stimulating effect and at the same time, suppressing separate indices of these systems.

Key words: electromagnetic field, hormonal system, immune system.


E. Bibiluri

Radionuclides Migration in Meskheti Ecological Chain

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T. Urushadze, December 28, 2002

Abstract. The content of natural radionuclides in soils and plants of Meskheti, Georgia is determined by soil characteristics, and quantity of mineral and organic fertilizers used in agriculture. Results of investigation caused by Chernobyl radiological accident have been considered.

Key words: radionuclide, heavy metals.


A. Zurabashvili, Z. Zurabashvili, M. Tsulukidze

The Influence of Ecosocial and Ecobiological Factors on Daily Rhythms of Behavioral Reactions

Presented by Member of the Academy Sh. Nadirashvili, December 31, 2002

Abstract. The peculiarities of variations of daily and seasonal circadian rhythms of separate biological indices of functional state of the organism have been studied. A group of patients suffering from schizophrenia with main hallucination-paranoid syndrome (F. 20.0.0.) and the remoteness of the disease lasting over 10 years have been examined. The obtained data has been compared with the norm. Of 250 healthy patients 150 were rural and 100 urban.

Key words: schizophrenia, hallucination-paranoid syndrome.


R. Otinashvili

Tendencies of the Shadow Economy in Post-Soviet Georgia

Presented by Corr. Member of The Academy L.Chikava, April 16, 2002.

Abstract. Socio-economic environment of Georgia and double potential of market economy has been analysed and estimated. The essence of the illegal economy and the tendencies of development in the post-Soviet Georgia are considered in the paper.

Key words: shadow economy, corruption, economic security.


T. Babunashvili

Principal Directions of Restructurization

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy L.Chikava, December 3, 2002

Abstract. Principal directions of restructurization representing the strategy of expansion or reduction of corporations are formulated in the paper. Integration, amalgamation and privatization of companies are considered as the effective forms of work, which will further transform into joint ventures.
The tendencies of world researches of restructurization are considered and recommendations of experience of Western companies providing the integration of divisional structures and long and stable competitiveness are given, which will greatly help restructurization of our industrial companies and formation of the system of business units.

Key words: big companies, horizontal corporations, network system, joint ventures.


P. Koghuashvili

Integration of Georgia in the World Economy as One of the Principal Ways to Achieve Food Security

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy V. Papava, February 4, 2003

Abstract. The pessimistic, medium and optimistic scenarios of development of agrarian sector in Georgia are considered with account of the world development tendencies. According to specific computations optimistic scenario is assumed to be the possible variant of development of the agrarian sector, on the basis of which by the end of the prognostic period the annual growth rate of Gross National Product (GNP) will be about 111-112% compared with 2000 year.

Key words: agrarian sector, GNP, crisis.


H. Giorgadze, P. Koghuashvili

Principal Priorities of Agrarian Sector Development in Georgia

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy A. Silagadze, February 4, 2003

Abstract. The conception of agrarian policy of Georgia and the ways of overcoming the crisis situation are considered in the paper. Principal priorities of development are analyzed.

Key words: agrarian reform, land ownership, cooperation.


K. Mitagvaria

Towards some Terms Denoting Kinship in Adyghe in Comparison with the Kartvelian Languages

Presented by the Corr. Member of the Academy G. Kvaratskhelia, July 23, 2002

Abstract. The paper discusses the typological similarity and difference of some terms denoting relatives in Adyghe in comparison with the Kartvelian languages.

Key words: relative, blood relative, uncle, aunt (father's sister, mother's sister, uncle's wife).


M. Palavandishvili

On Some Aspects of Goethe's Religion

Presented by Corr.Member of the Academy A.Gvakharia, June 3, 2002

Abstract. In the present paper, we consider Goethe's religious views in various aspects. The great thinker was seeking for his personal religion and denied any kind of belief based on dogma. The subject of Goethe's worship is the Light which expressed the divinity of the world.

Key words: religion, Goethe, weltanschauung.


S. Peikrishvili

The Writer and his Double in Miguel de Unamuno's Novel

"St. Manuel Santa, the Martyr"

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy A.Gvakharia, July 9, 2002

Abstract. The novel "St.Manuel Santa, the Martyr" becomes an important landmark in Miguel de Unamuno's creative work. This novel is characterized with a new style of writing and represents the writer's confession, his `mind crucifixion'. Unamuno's characters are people of real flesh and blood who can love, hate, envy, torment.

Key words: Miguel de Unamuno.

History of Art

N. Amirejibi

On the Essence of Man's Problem in Cinematography

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy P. Zakaraya, December 10, 2002

Abstract. In the present paper we consider the problems of violence, nihilism, subjection, fetishism of material things, spiritual impoverishment of man and estrangement. Free man rebels against all this as he is to realize his cardinal spiritual goals.

Key words: cinematography, man's essence.