volume 167  number 2


Ya. Diasamidze

Right Units of Complete Semigroups of Binary Relations Defined by Complete X-Semilattices Generated by Chains

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy D.Baladze, December 18, 2001

Abstract. In this paper, among X-semilattices we consider semilattices generated by chains and study some properties of complete semigroups of binary relations defined by such X-semilattices.

Key words: complete semigroups, binary relations, complete semilattices.


V. Baladze, L. Turmanidze

On One Question of Yu.M.Smirnov in the Theory of Compactifications

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy N. Berikashvili, November 11, 2002

Abstract. In this paper a result characterizing intrinsically the Èech's type (co)homology group of the remainder of a space is given. Here is established that the border coefficient of cyclicity of a precompact uniform pair (X,X0) is equal to the coefficient of cyclicity of remainder (cX\X,cX0\X 0) of compactification.

Key words: Èech (co)homology, compactification, remainder, Èech border U-(co)homology, coefficient of cyclicity, border coefficient of cyclicity.


T. Kadeishvili, S. Khazhomia

Simplicial Cutting of a Cubical Set

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Berikashvili, June 16, 2002

ABSTRACT. To a cubical set Q we assign functorially a simplicial set SQ obtained by canonical ''cutting of cubs into simplexes'' so that the realizations of Q and SQ are homeomorfic. The corresponding natural chain map C·(QC ·(SQ) of the normalized chain complexes which is a DG-coalgebras map and, for a monoidal cubical set Q, a DG-Hopf algebras map as well, is also constructed.

Key words: (co)simplicial object, (co)cubical object, tensor product of functors, DG-Hopf algebras map.


Z. Todua

On Homology Groups Based on Kurosh Type Coverings in Categories of Complete Distributive Lattices

Presented by Member of the Academy N.Berikashvili, June 10, 2002

Abstract. In the category of complete distributive lattices the isomorphism of functional Kolmogorov type groups of homology with projective type groups of homology is proved.

Key words: lattice, homology, complex.


T. Zerekidze

On Differentiability of Integrals with Respect to Basis Invariant with Respect to Translations

Presented by Member of the Academy L. Zhizhiashvili, June 25, 2002

Abstract. It is established that if a Busemann-Feller subbasis locally regular with respect to the basis of rectangular intervals is invariant with respect to translations then differentiability of indefinite integral almost everywhere with respect to this basis is equivalent to the strong differentiability not only for nonnegative functions but also for every locally integrable functions.

Key words: differentiability of integral, differential basis.


V. Tsagareishvili

Properties of Absolute Convergence of Fourier Series

Presented by Member of the Academy L. Zhizhiashvili, June 25, 2002

Abstract. In the paper the problems for the spaces A(j) to the closure with respect to the multiplication of the functions f·g, where f and g are from the class A(j), are considered. The solution of the equation Bx=C (where BÎA(j) and CÎA(j)) on the space A(j) is also considered.

Key words: orthonormal system, Fourier coefficient, Haar system.


B. Ghvaberidze

Stability of Approximate Solutions of Boolean Optimization Problems

Presented by Member of the Academy G. Kharatishvili, July 16, 2002

ABSTRACT. The notion of a set of stability of an e-approximate solution is introduced for Boolean optimization problems. Its properties are studied. A formula is obtained for calculating the radius of stability. A numerical example is considered.

Key words: Boolean optimization problem, e-approximate solution, set of stability, radius of stability.


B. Mamporia

On Existence and Uniqueness of a Strong Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations in a Banach Space

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Vakhania, September 17, 2002

ABSTRACT. A sufficient condition is given for the existence and uniqueness of the strong solution of stochastic differential equation in an arbitrary Banach space. The method is based on the concept of covariance operator and a special construction of the Ito stochastic integral.

Key words: Ito stochastic integrals, stochastic differential equations in Banach space, covariance operators, 2-absolutely summing operators


G. Chitishvili

On Some Problems of Suspension Transportation

Presented by Member of the Academy Ts. Mirtskhoulava, October 5, 2002

Abstract. The equations of suspension flow movement and energy allow to obtain relations for definition of turbulent diffusion rate and suspending work, to reduce the problem of suspension concentration distribution in a channel flow to the problem of variational calculation and to receive a formula of the transportability of the flow.

Key words: suspension, turbulent, transportation.


G. Gujabidze, M. Todua

On Dependence of Damping of Oscillating Disk in Rotating Helium I on Velocity

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T.Sanadze, November 12, 2002.

ABSTRACT. The results of computer processing of the experimental data of the dependence of damping oscillating disk in rotating He I on velocity of rotation are presented. They are in congruence with conclusions of Yu.Mamaladze and S.Matinian of theoretical research on torsional oscillations of disk in rotating classical liquid.

Key words: logarithmic decrement of the damping, disk suspended on an elastic fiber.


R.Chikovani, G.Darsavelidze, G.Goderdzishvili, E.Kutelia, D.Mkheidze,

T.Mkheidze, G.Janelidze

The Amplitude Dependence of Inelastic Properties of Te Doped Monocrystalline GaAs

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Sanadze, October 29, 2002

Abstract. The amplitude dependence of internal friction and shear modulus of monocrystalline tellurium doped gallium arsenide has been investigated. It is established that the energy of interaction of dislocations and point defects constitute 0.30eV. It is shown that it is twice reduced for interaction of dislocations and impurities formed (originated) during the annealing at 820K. The role of removal of dislocations from the centers of fastening in revealing the inflexibility in monocrystalline GaAs.

Key words: Internal friction, activation energy, frequency factor, mobility of defects, relaxation.


J. Mebonia, P. Saralidze

Effect of the Unitarity of Amplitude in the Reactions of Quasielastic Scattering

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy A. Khelashvili, November 12, 2002

Abstract. One of the possibilities of the approximate unitary solution of the Faddeev's equation in K-matrix formalism is considered. The method appeared to be quite effective being applied to the reaction d(N, 2N)N. There is hope that it can be generalized for the other, more complex reactions of quasielastic scattering.

Key words: unitarity, quasielastic, reaction.


G. Gordadze, A. Gordadze, V. Kintsurashvili

Experimental Study of the Accuracy of Activation Analysis with Neutrons Multiplier

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Amaglobeli, October 8, 2002

Abstract. The accuracy of activation analysis with neutrons multiplier has been studied experimentally. It is mainly determined by the error caused by statistic character of radioactive elements decay. In case of irradiation of one and the same sample in different time-regimes the results of numerous measurements coincide with 0.95 confidence probability. An increase of radiation time decreases measuring error but makes worse the expressiveness of the analysis. Therefore in each concrete case the choice of optimal irradiation time is necessary.

Key words: neutrons multiplier, activation analysis, accuracy of analysis.


Corr. Member of the Academy R. Kiladze, N. Kachakhidze, V. Kukhianidze,

G. Ramishvili, M. Kachakhidze

Revealing of Tectonic Sources of Strong Earthquakes Stress Initiative Waves on the Example of the Caucasus Seismoactive Region

Presented November 17, 2002

ABSTRACT. The so-called "phase cone" method for determination of the location, arising time and velocity of earthquakes initiative low-speed interference stress waves has been developed. By the Caucasus strong earthquakes, with M³6.0 (1900-1992) there are revealed immigrators or tectonic sources of low-speed waves, of which interference knots 19 earthquakes are initiated from all 33.

There are defined the arising time of low-speed stress waves or periods of awaking of tectonic sources.

There have been determined velocities of initiative waves, which are constant for all events. Average significance equals 2.97 km per year.

Key words: tectonic sources, phase cone, trigger, earthquake.


N. Todua, Z. Kereselidze

Influence of a Solar Wind Flow Around the Magnetosphere on the Position of a Magnetic Barrier

Presented by Member of the Academy B. Balavadze, September 24, 2002

ABSTRACT. Considering the problem for a magnetic barrier formed in front of the magnetosphere, an approximate analytic solution is obtained in terms of approximation to a compressible laminar, ideally conducting plasma jet within the framework of Parker's kinematic model.

Key words: solar wind, magnetosphere, transient region, and magnetic barrier.


N. Kutaladze, T. Matcharashvili, L. Kartvelishvili, P. Janelidze

Impact of Noises on Frequency Distribution of Daily Mean Temperatures in Georgia

Presented by Member of the Academy B. Balavadze, July 17, 2002

Abstract. Power spectrum characteristics of daily mean temperatures time series of East and West Georgia have been analysed. Influence of unavoidable dynamic noises on frequency distribution of analysed data sets was investigated. Multiple noise reduction procedures was carried out. Regression exponents of power spectrum of original as well as noise free time series were calculated.

It was established that variation of daily mean temperatures in Georgia by their linear characteristics represented itself as coloured (pink) type noise. Antipersistence of these time series were caused by unavoidable additional and dynamical noises. Noise free time series revealed clear persistence, though the process of daily mean temperatures variation remained coloured (black) noise.

Key words: temperature variation, dynamical noises, noise reduction.

Analytical Chemistry

M. Labartkava, G. Makharadze, Ts. Goliadze, R. Revia

Study of Fulvic Acids Isolated from Natural Waters Using 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Method

Presented by corr. member of the Academy D. Ugrekhelidze, November , 2002

Abstract. In the present paper we consider 1H NMR spectra isolated from natural waters. Deiterowaters and deiterodimethylsulfoxide were used as solvents. With increase of relaxation time optimal conditions are obtained during which there appeared quart signal characteristic for methin proton of aminoacetate group unlike 1H NMR spectra known in literature. There were fixed symmetric signals of corresponding aromatic protons belonging to AA¢BB¢ type 4d group for the first time. On the basis of the obtained spectra the supposition is made on the existence of phenylalanin fragment as one of the probable complex forming site in FA molecule.

Key words: natural waters, fulvic acid, 1H NMR spectroscopy.


Z. Burkadze, T. Matsaberidze, K. Grigalashvili, G. Supatashvili

Study of Associates of Halogenide Complexes of Gold with Rhodamine C

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy D. Ugrekhelidze, December 17, 2002

ABSTRACT. Composition of associates of halogenide (chloride, bromide) complexes of gold (Au) with rhodamine C has been studied using the methods of isomolar series, molar ratio and equilibrium displacement.

The advantage of chloride complexes of gold (III) with rhodamine C for photometric determination of small quantities of gold is shown.

Key words: gold (Au), halogenide complex, rhodamine C, extraction-photometric method.


N. Mgaloblishvili, N. Telia, N. Dzotsenidze

Determination of Nickel in Plant Objects using Disulphorhodazole

Presented by Member of the Academy G. Tsintsadze, July 9, 2002

ABSTRACT. Content of Ni(II) in plant objects (tea, tobacco) has been determined by extraction-photometric method elaborated by us earlier, detection minimum of which is 8 times less as compared with the classic one. For the analysis the samples of both domestic and imported products were chosen. The obtained results were examined on correctness by the classic method (using dimethylglyoxime) and method of addition. Sr=0.07, the confidence interval is within the limits 5.62±1.12.

Key words: nickel, extraction-photometric method, disulphorhodazole.

Organic Chemistry

A. Khaiauri, Ts. Goliadze, G. Makharadze, T. Machaladze

Investigation of Humin Acids Isolated from Natural Waters by Thermal Analysis

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy Sh.Samsoniya, November 24, 2002

Abstract. Humin acids investigated by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis are characterized by one endothermal and four exothermal effect. The loss of mass in the low temperature range for humin acids isolated from the bottom sediments and water sample makes 30 and 38 percent and over the high temperature range it equals 62 and 48 percent respectively. It is shown that the degree of aromatization of humin acids isolated from the bottom sediments was higher than that of humin acids isolated from the water sample.

Key words: humin acids, thermal analysis, aromatization.

Organic Chemistry

Ts. Khukhunia, V. Gvakharia, R Gigauri

Quantitative Analysis of Bromine in the Salts of Quaternary Arsoniums

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy V. Tsitsishvili, December 10, 2002

Abstract. We have studied the action of quaternary arsonium bromides on the titration solution of plumbum(II) nitrate in water-alcohol solutions. It is shown that exchange reaction is proceeding at that time in the form of solid phase with the formation of plumbum(II) bromide. The latter creates the basis for bromine ions quantitative determination in the investigated compounds. The suggested method leaves `intact' bromine which is linked with arsenic nonionically.

Key words: bromium, quaternary arsonium, halogenides.

Physical Chemistry

G. Areshidze, T. Datashvili, M. Gajiev-Shengelia

Study of Extraction Degree of Mixture and Individual n.Alkanes (C5-C10) from Straight-Run Gasoline of Commercial Crude Oil Samgori (Georgia)

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Andronikashvili, July 9, 2002

Abstract. Results of study of extraction degree of mixture and individual n.alkanes from straigth-run gasoline of Samgori (Georgia) commercial oil with the aid of synthetic zeolite and influences of temperature, volume velocity, pressure of adsorption are presented. The optimal conditions for extraction process of n.alkanes are established.

Key words: crude oil, n.alkanes, gasoline fractions, synthetic zeolites, deparaffinization.

Physical Chemistry

M. Katsitadze, R. Tsanava, G. Bezarashvili, Z. Dzotsenidze,

L. Khvtisiashvili, M. Abuladze

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Recombination of Hydrogen Atoms on The Combined NaC1+KC1 Surfaces

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Andronikashvili, June 6, 2002

Abstract. The paper is devoted to the investigation of the heterogeneous removal of hydrogen atoms on the combined surfaces. The "first limit of inflammation" method was used and both recombination factors and activation energies were calculated. It has been found that atomic recombination on the investigated surfaces is characterized by a nonadditive effect.

Key words: inflammation, heterogeneous recombination, hydrogen atoms, nonadditive effect.


L. Tsanava

Correlation Dependence between Debris Flow Processes and Synoptic Factors

Presented by Member of the Academy Ts. Mirtskhoulava, November 13, 2002

Abstract. We report on synoptic factors which condition the formation of debris flows. The rain showers are considered the main factor. Diagrams of dependencies between the amount of maximum precipitation and the total of average month precipitation for rivers Tergi, Aragvi and Duruji basins are presented. On the example of the river Aragvi there were constructed dependence diagrams between water maximal discharges and rain intensity in the period of debris flows. Consideration of debris forming factors in the basins of debris rivers gives the possibility to make prognosis of the expected debris flows.

Key words: debris flow, correlation dependence.

Automatic Control and Computer Engineering

V. Mdzinarishvili

Modelling of Transition from Reversible Microscopic Equations to Irreversible Macroscopic Equations of Stochastic Mechanics

Presented by Member of the Academy V. Chichinadze, October 8, 2002

Abstract. By the use of soliton functions an approach is given to the transition from the reversible microscopic equations to irreversible macroscopic equations.

Key words: Nelson equations, Liuvil equations, soliton, diffusion.


M. Metreveli, M. Bregvadze

Phytoncide Activity of Introduced Species of Hamamelidaceae Lindl. Family in the Batumi Botanical Gardens

Presented by Corr.Member of the Academy V.Papunidze, October 1, 2002

Abstract. We have studied phytoncide activity of plant leaves from 9 families and 16 species of Hamamelidaceae Lindl. family introduced in the Batumi Botanical Gardens. It has been established that the species of the mentioned family are characterized with rather high phytoncideactivity.

Key words: phytoncide activity, introduction.


S. Shamtsian, L. Antadze

Alteration of Peroxidase Isoenzyme Spectra in Grape Varieties of Different Frost Resistance

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Nutsubidze, October 22, 2002

ABSTRACT. Alteration of peroxidase isoenzyme spectra under hardening influence was studied in wintering above-ground organs of commercial Georgian grape varieties. By means of electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel the opposition between different varieties was established in buds, in slowly moving zone of spectra. In shoots, the most resistant part of plant, the content of slowly moving components was higher than in buds. However in the latter under the influence of hardening the number of rapidly moving ones was increased, what is of great importance for adaptation.

Key words: grape, hardening, peroxidase isoenzyme spectra.


I. Chanishvili, Sh. Chanishvili, M. Dolidze, G. Badridze

The Intensity of Photosynthesis and Content of Plastid Pigments in the Intervarietal Hybrids of Wheat

Presented by Corr.Member of the Academy G. Nakhutsrishvili, October 1, 2002

ABSTRACT. The photosynthetic activity of leaves and ear, content of the plastid pigments, photoassimilates transport and respiration of hybrids obtained by crossing the local varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum, L. var. Doli 35-4, Tetri Ipkli) with complex hybrids (Tbilisuri 7, Tbilisuri 10, Mexican Triticale) has been studied, in relation with the productivity. In obtained hybrids in some cases the photosynthesis and the content of pigments was lower, compared with the parent forms, respiration was increased. But the indices of their productivity were the same or higher than of initial forms. According to the obtained results it may be supposed that the photosynthesis and pigment content are not in direct relation. These data together with the respiration from their side, are not responsible for the productivity, but affect it and totally may be used for evaluating the productivity of new hybrid. The data of assimilates transport provide also interesting information for studying the plant productivity.

Key words: photosynthesis, plastid pigments, respiration, assimilates transport, hybridization, wheat.


D. Baratashvili

Influence of Anthropogenic Factors on Peculiarities of the Formation of Somatic Mutations Formation in Tea Plant

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy P. Naskidashvili, November 12, 2002

ABSTRACT. Frequency and spectrum of somatic mutations have been studied in the main industrial tea plan

tations of leading Agricultural firms of Ajara-Guria region (Naruja-Anaseuli, Laituri, Tsetskhlauri, Leghva, Chakvi). Morphological changes arisen under natural conditions qualitatively are almost identical to those induced by artificial mutagenesis. The spectrum of environmental factors is also analyzed.

Key words: somatic mutations, tea plant, anthropogenic factors.


Corr. Member of the Academy P. Naskidashvili, M. Naskidashvili, I. Naskidashvili

Results of Studying of Georgian Wheat Endemic Species

Presented December 31, 2002

ABSTRACT. It is shown in the present work that Georgia is a country of origin of cultivated wheat. Out of 14 wheat species registered in Georgia 5 ones are endemic. Valuability of endemic species is established on the basis of genetic and selection studies. Investigations have shown that aboriginal sorts of soft wheat which genotype contains genetic factors determining valuable properties were widely spread in Georgia.

Key words: wheat, genotype, species, aboriginal sort.

Genetics and Selection

N. Khalvashi, D. Baratashvili

The Results of Study of Seeds Germination and Polyembryony in some Forms of Orange in Ajara

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy P.Naskidashvili, September 5, 2002.

Abstract. In present paper, we consider germinating ability of a seed, polyembryony, albinism, survival rate and their variability in various forms of orange spread in Ajara. It has been established that germinating ability and the rate of polyembryony significantly varies in orange forms compared with persimmon.

Key words: polyembriony, germination, orange, seed.


I. Pantsulaia, Ts. Orjonikidze, F. Kalandarishvili, T. Mtskeradze, N. Datikashvili

Influence of Psychogenic Stress in the Rats on Behavior of

Their Offspring

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Oniani, October 8, 2002

ABSTRACT. Emotional activity of consecutive five generations of the rats, born to parents who stayed in chronic psychogenic stress conditions, has been investigated.

It was found that proneness to elevated emotionality was increasing stepwise in every consecutive generation. Considering the works of stress genetics investigators, alterations of emotionality described in this paper should be explained by the steady disorders in the endocrine balance developed in the parent animals as a result of chronic psychogenic stress.

Key words: psychogenic stress, offspring, behavior, emotionality, endocrine system, rats.


J. Gogorishvili, R. Kupatadze, M. Koridze, M. Simonidze,

Member of the Academy M. Zaalishvili

The New Method of Isolation of Actomyosin-Like Proteins

Presented October 5, 2002

Abstract. The new method of isolation of actomyosin-like proteins has been worked out. This method is based on the ability of actomyosin-like proteins to precipitate in the presence of CaCl2 with heparin.

Key words: heparin, precipitation, ATP-ase activity, b-lipoprotein.


K. Jibladze

Teaching the Carbohydrate Metabolism Topic: Innovative Training in Higher Education

Presented by Member of the Academy G.Kvesitadze, February 26, 2002

ABSTRACT. In the last years an active teaching method, the so-called Business-Games, has been widely adopted. This method is suitable in achievement of the students' activity during training in biochemistry. We have elaborated the Business-Game scenario applicable for teaching the Carbohydrate Metabolism topic which is proved to work well.

Key words: biochemistry, teaching, business-games, innovation.


V. Aplakov, E. Kirtadze

Glycine and Serine Conversion during Secondary Alcoholic Fermentation

Presented by Member of the Academy G. Kvesitadze, July 25, 2002

Abstract. The main conversion products of 114C, 214C-glycine and 314C-serine in yeast and wine were studied in the process of champagnization. The compounds studied underwent intensive interconversion in yeast and were involved in the intermediate metabolism of amino acids. The carbon skeleton of glycine undergoes especially active conversion. Among the compounds identified in wine the basic ones are the biotransformation products of glycine and serine, i.e. succinic and glyoxalic acids.

Key words: glycine, serine, organic acids, amino acids.


N. Bakhtadze, G. Bakhtadze, E. Kvavadze

Results of Karyologic Investigation of Dendrobaena (C.) marinae Kvavadze, 1985 (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae)

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy I.Eliava, November 12, 2002

ABSTRACT. Karyologic investigation of the earthworm Dendrobaena (C. ) marinae Kvavadze, 1985 which belongs to the new Caucasodrilus subgenus, has been carried out.

Basing on the analysis of meiotic plates it is established that the diploid complex of Dendrobaena (C.) marinae contains 36 chromosomes (n=18).

Key words: Dendrobaena (C.) marinae, karyology.


N. Svani, E. Giorgadze

Histologic and Electron-Microscopic Characteristics of Thyroid Gland in Diffuse and Polynodous Toxic Goiter

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Javakhishvili, February 25, 2003

Abstract. The samples of thyroid parenchyma were studied by histologic and electron-microscopic methods after operation causing diffuse and polinodous toxic goiter. It has been concluded: 1) In polinodous toxic goiter (PTG), contrary to diffuse toxic goiter (DTG), "T3-toxicosis" is revealed; 2) In DTG hyperplasia of epithelium is diffuse, it spreads regularly all over the gland while in PTG it is focal, located in certain parts of goiter from which nodes develop; 3) Contrary to polynodous goiter, in diffuse goiter the area occupied by membranes of granular endoplasmatic reticulum is increased. Diffuse goiter is characterized by numerous secondary lysosomes with the properties of hydrolytic activity such as membrane ruptures, by their transformation into the stage of autophagic vacuoli.

Key words: diffuse and polinodous toxic goiter, histology, electron-microscopy.


N. Khvitia

Some Peculiarities of Erythrocytes during Tuberculosis

Presented by Member of the Academy T.Chanishvili, April 30, 2002

Abstract. We studied the role of erythrocytes during tuberculosis. Defense reaction of the organism is manifested differently in acute and chronic forms of disease. Micobacterial antigen intruded in the organism makes an action on the membranes, breaks their transportation function, and in this way influences on the rheological properties of blood, particularly on erythrocytes. The material was studied using light and electron microscopy.

Key words: erythrocytes, tuberculosis, antigen.

Experimental Medicine

E. Shvelashvili, N. Merabishvili

Variation of Iron and Copper Concentrations in Placenta at Term and Preterm Delivery

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T. Dekanosidze, July 17, 2002

Abstract. The aim of this study is to quantify the essential trace elements iron and copper in placenta. The concentrations of iron and copper have been determined by emission spectrography in 30 parturients at term and 50 parturients at preterm delivery. The present results show that the mean concentrations of iron and copper in preterm parturients are significantly lower when compared with term parturients. It is supposed that low iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) levels in placenta at preterm delivery may be one of the causes of changes in free radical defense mechanisms.

Key words: essential trace elements, placenta, preterm.

Experimental Medicine

Member of the Academy N. Kipshidze, K. Liluashvili, M. Rogava

Echocardiography Potential in Prognosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Presented September 10, 2002

Abstract. The aim of our investigation was to determine the main echocardiographic predictors of flow and outcome for patients suffering with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. 58 patients in accordance with outcome were divided into three groups: with stable flow of disease, with sudden death, with fatal outcome, which was not related with sudden death. Our investigation showed that extreme thickening of left ventricular myocardium and concentric type of left ventricular hypertrophy significantly determines risk of sudden death. Enlargement of left chambers cavity and growth of left ventricular mass is malignant prognostic sign of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Severe diastolic disfunction and changes of systolic function is important echocardiographic sign for heart failure and fatal outcome.

Key words: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, predictors, outcome, sudden death.

Experimental Medicine

G. Katsitadze, A. Tedeev

Catheter Radiofrequency Ablation of the Paroxysmal Reciprocal AV Nodal Tachycardia. Personal Experience

Presented by Member of the Academy N. Kipshidze, December 31, 2002

Abstract. 63 patients aged from 15 to 57 (35 males and 28 females) suffering from PRAVNT have been treated. Successful results were achieved in different cases.

It can be concluded that CRA of the slow pathways of the atrioventricular junction is a highly effective and safe method of radical treatment of patients with PRAVNT.The AHBe - ACsp interval measuring shorter than 20 ms during an invasive electrophysiological study indicates to a close proximity between the slow and fast pathways of the atrioventricular junction, therefore demanding extremely care while performing catheter ablation. This criterion derived from our studies will make it possible to minimize the risk of development of a full atrioventricular block.

Key words: catheter radiofrequency ablation, paroxysmal reciprocal AV nodal Tachycardia, AV node slow pathway, fast pathway.

Experimental Medicine

D. Bagaturia

Estimation of Hemodynamic Data in Patients with Phallus Tetrad by the Method of Continuous Wave Doppler Echocardiography

Presented by Member of the Academy V. Bakhutashvili, October 8, 2002

Abstract. Fifty-one patients with phallus tetrad aged from two months to three years with manifestation of frequent attacks of dyspnoea and cyanosis have been investigated by the method of continuous wave Doppler echocardiography (DECG).

Analysis of the data obtained shows the effect of continuous wave Doppler echocardiography (DECG).

Key word: Doppler echocardiography, phallus tetrad, cyanosis.


A. Antelava

The Mechanism of Endogenic Intoxication Syndrome Development in Toxi-Allergic


Presented by Member of the Academy N. Javakhishvili, September 8, 2002

Abstract. The inflammatory injury of the heart leading to the development of severe form of heart failure due to staphylococcal toxin is one of the trigger mechanisms causing endogenous intoxication syndrome (EIS). It is established, that the developing cardiac haemodynamic impairments are accompanied with disturbances in energy supply, redox-potential and antioxidant defense systems. It is also accompanied by increasing the blood level of non-specific low-molecular components: histamine, serotonin, toxic oligopeptides, lipid products, and components of the glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation chain metabolites.

Key words: toxemia, nucleotides, antioxidants, middle molecules mass peptides, toxi-allergic myocarditis.


I. Shatilova, L. Rukhadze, N. Mchedlishvili

The Results of Palynological Study of Chaudian (Early Pleistocene) Deposits of Western Georgia

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy G. Mchedlidze, October 15, 2002

ABSTRACT. The stages of development of vegetation and climate of Western Georgia during the Chaudian are compared with the synchronous climato-chronological units of the North Black Sea countries and with the isotope cycles of deep-water Pleistocene.

Key words: pollen complexes, Chaudian, landscape-phytoceonotical method, stages of development, climate, vegetation.


A. Jorjadze

Seasonal Distribution of Macrofungi of Algeti

State Reserve (East Georgia)

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy G. Nakhutsrishvili, July 2, 2002

ABSTRACT. Species of macrofungi revealed in Algeti State Reserve (East Georgia) in 2000-2002 may be divided into 4 groups according to their seasonal occurence: (1) spring species; (2) summer-autumn species; (3) autumn species; (4) species spread yearlong. At the same time the character of seasonal development of some species has been revealed.

Key words: macrofungi, seasonal distribution, mycorrhizal fungi.


Sh. Ogbaidze, Z. Svanidze, B. Gogichaishvili, S. Kenia

Detection of the Main Pollutant Sources and Concentration of some Metals in the Atmospheric Air of Tbilisi and Rustavi

Presented by Member of the Academy T. Mirtskhoulava, July 30, 2002

Abstract. The article deals with the quantitative contamination of lead, nickel, cadmium and manganum in atmospheric air of Tbilisi and Rustavi. Researches on detection of the main pollutant sources have been carried out. With the result of the research, it has been established, that the degree of pollution with the

researched metals in the mentioned objects is 10 times more, which is caused by the gases emitted autotransport emitted gases, small metallurgical and chemical industries.

Keywords: atmosphere, metals, metallurgy, chemical, autotransport, emission, technogenic, permanent, cumulation. anthropogenic.


O. Abdaladze, L. Khetsuriani

Ecophysiological Peculiarities in Trifolium ambiguum in Subalpine Zone of the Central Caucasus

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy G. Nakhutsrishvili, October 15, 2002.

Abstract. In order to determine ecophysiological mechanisms of adaptation to the alpine environment in various phytocoenoses of subalpine zone of the Central Caucasus, diurnal dynamics of CO2-gas exchange and its dependence on ecological factors, biomorphological parameters and content of plastid pigments in Trifolium ambiguum, which has wide synecological area of distribution, have been studied. It has been established that in different conditions this species is characterized by strong variability of the studied indices. Despite strong plastic character of CO2-gas exchange (frequent depressions of net-photosynthesis are marked), it is distinguished with high productivity of photosynthesis (conditioned by high intensity of photosynthesis), high efficiency of CO2 assimilation, high light-requiring, wide range of optimal temperature for photosynthesis and absorption ability of CO2 to high and low temperatures. All this provides its wide spread and plays an active phytocoenotic role in various communities.

Key words: photosynthesis, respiration, chlorophyll, adaptation, high-mountain.


R. Diasamidze, A. Chkhartishvili, G. Karchava, M. Tsitskishvili

Environment's Ecological Audit for Sustainable Development of the Region on the Example of Ajara

Presented by Member of the Academy K. Nadareishvili, February 25, 2003

Abstract. New methods of evaluation of bio-, geo- and socioecologic factors of a certain region are elaborated. Molismological indexes of the Black Sea Eastern part coastal waters were defined. Practical recommendations on the perfection of normative base and functional nature protection are offered.

Key words: Environment's ecological audit, evaluation of the effect on the environment, sustainable development.


M. Chukhua, D. Darchia

John Lock about the Role of Education in Formation of a Person

Presented by Member of the Academy Sh. Nadirashvili, December 31, 2002

Abstract. The role of education in formation of a person is considered according to the English philosopher John Lock, who greatly appreciates the role of education considering it the only reason of difference between the people. Hereditary peculiarities are so insignificant that education can eradicate it.

John Lock greatly appreciates the role of the environment, especially the social environment, but still he considers education to be the most powerful category.

Key words: John Lock, training, hereditary.


G. Babunashvili

Systemic Approach to the Research of Relationship between the Nature and the Society

Presented by Corr.Member of the Academy A.Silagadze, July 9, 2002

Abstract. Economic development is the basis of existence and development of society. But economic development can cause damage to the nature. The problem of systemic approach to interrelationship between the nature and society is considered in the paper.

Key Words: nature management, natural resources, environment protection.


T. Babunashvili

Peculiarities of Restructuring of Industrial Companies on Different Stages of Anti-Crisis Management

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy L.Chikava, December 31, 2002

Abstract. The way out of the crisis state of industrial companies and complex actions for averting the crisis and for retaining the viability and competitive ability of the company on the market are analyzed in the paper. The goal of the restructuring problem and necessary factors for definition of efficiency of the company action in that direction are considered. The tendencies (vertical and horizontal) of changes in the companies and the reasons of rejection of "natural economy" by some of them are identified.

Finally, on the basis of practical experience the restructuring measures are developed, principal problem of which is the rehabilitation of the company operation ability and the search of the way out of the given situation with minimal losses on different stages of anti-crisis management.

Key words: restructure, crisis, anti-crisis, rehabilitation.


N. Galakhvaridze

Ecological Costs of Agriculture and the Ways of Their Reduction

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy A. Silagadze, December 4, 2002

Abstract. The paper considers the problem of relationship between the society and natural environment. It is noted that certain costs are necessary to provide reasonable attitude to the natural environment. At current stage of national production development the production efficiency rapidly grows. The latter is in direct relation with implementation of the achievements of scientific-technical revolution providing reduction of material costs of production per unit of economic product. Perfection of technological processes and complex use of natural resources allows reduction of material expenses of production and increase of economic efficiency.

Key words: ecology, environment, agriculture, production.


L. Mamulashvili

An Approach to the Evaluation of Enterprise Level in the Regions

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy L.Chikava, February 20, 2003

Abstract. Methodological problems of the evaluation of the level of enterprize in the region are considered. An analysis of operation of economic regulators is done. The development of enterprize strategy in the region is necessitated.

Key words: regional enterprize, economic regulators, strategy.


M. Murdjikneli

State Commitments in Medical Insurance, Causes and Effects

Presented by Member of the Academy V. Papava, April 12, 2003

ABSTRACT. Real economic situation in Georgia bas been realized. The results of analysis are being used to create state commitments in providing Georgian population with necessary medical aid. New project of medical insurance has been offered.

Key words: medical insurance, health care financing.


T. Khvedeliani

The Structure of the "Vepkhistqaosani" ("The Knight in the Panther's Skin") and its Relation to Rustaveli's Poem

Presented by Member of the Academy G.Tsitsishvili, December 10, 2002

Abstract. The article deals with the structural analysis of one of the examples of the folk "Vepkhistqaosani" (Tariel and Lertsam _ Darejani) and Rustaveli's poem.

The author concludes that the texts of the folk and literary "Vepkhistqaosani" are closely connected with the structure of the fairy tale.

Key words: folklore.


I. Ratiani

Liminality, Literature and the Transformational Function of Artistic Time and Space

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy E. Khintibidze, October 17, 2002

ABSTRACT. The article deals with the problem of liminality as one of the most important categories of anthropology and modern study of culture and literature. The term of liminality was introduced in anthropological science to describe rituals associated with seasonal and individual communal life changes. Liminality means transition from one stage of life to another. It is very important definition for understanding the problem of transformation generally in culture and in literature. Rites of literary transformations are reachable through special forms of artistic time and space.

Key words: liminality, literature, artistic time, artistic space.

History of Art

N. Gengiuri

Features of Early Monuments of the "Kuppel-Halle" Type in the Medieval Georgian Architecture

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy P. Zakaraia, December 17, 2002

Abstract. The paper deals with the demonstration of features of early Georgian examples of the "kuppel-halle" type - the church of St. George at Dvani (8th century) and the church of Qvelatsminda ("All Saints") at Vachnadziani (9th century). Individuality and "genesis" of these churches point to the local origin of this type.

Keywords: architecture, church type, "Kuppel-Halle".

History of Sciences

L. Banetishvili (Baneli)

To the Origination of Georgian Letter-marks "Á" (B) and "Ë" (L) and their Ideographic Names

Presented by Member of the Academy G. Tsitsishvili, October 15, 2002

Abstract. An original idea to the problem of origination of Georgian alphabet has been proposed. Georgian letter-marks „Á"- (b) and „Ë" (l) have been investigated and a conclusion is drawn that Georgian alphabet has derived from Sumerian written language.

Key words: Sumerian faith.