volume 158 number 3 November-December



O. Dzagnidze

For Fourier Analysis on the Sphere

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy V. Kokilashvili, January 27, 1998

Abstract. Allied functions, allied spherical Poisson integrals and allied Laplace series are introduced, which on a two-dimensional sphere generalize the objects of one-dimensional Fourier analysis.


M. Khabazi

Weighted Norm Inequalities for Certain Integral Operators in Orlicz Spaces

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy V. Kokilashvili, January 22, 1998

Abstract. The boundedness problem for certain integral operators in the weighted Orlicz classes is investigated.


E. Gordadze

On the Boundary Value Problem of the Linear Conjugation for a Piecewise Smooth Curve and for Certain Measurable Coefficient

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy V. Kokilashvili, January 12, 1998

Abstract. The sufficient condition for a coefficient of the boundary value problem in a neigbourhood of a cusp is found. The solution of the boundary value problem of the linear conjugation and the conditions for the existence of the solution are written in the conventional form.


T. Kadeishvili, S. Saneblidze

The Cobar Construction as a Cubical Set

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy N. Berikashvili, December 29, 1997

Abstract. In this article we show that the cobar construction WC–*(X) of a 1-connected space X coincides with the chain complex of certain cubical set WS(X), i.e. it is a cubical abelian group. Moreover, the Adams’s map f: WC–*(X) ® CN(Q(WX)) is induced by the map of cubical sets WS(X) ® Q(WX), thus it is a map of cubical abelian groups. This result allows to define on the cobar construction WC–*(X) geometric coproducts Ñi: WC–*(X) ® WC–*(X) Ä WC–*(X), duals to Steenrod’s Èi products


G. Lominashvili

The Approximation to the Value Function of the Optimal
Stopping Problem of Multidimensional Brownian Motion by Discretized Variational Inequalities

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy N. Vakhania, January 27, 1998

Abstract. The purpose of this paper is the application of general numerical methods based on Bensoussan-Lions techniques of variational inequalities to the particular problem of optimal stopping of n-dimensional Brownian motion.


G. Lepsveridze

On the Divergence Speed of Rectangular Averages

Presented by Academician L.Zhizhiashvili, February 13, 1998

ABSTRACT. The theorem on the divergence speed of rectangular averages is presented.


Corr. Member of the Academy H. Inassaridze, N. Inassaridze

The Second and the Third Non-Abelian Homology of Groups

Presented February 9, 1998

Abstract. Some calculation formulas for the second and the third non-abelian homology of groups are obtained.


D. Chkhatarashvili

About the Projective-Affine Relations in the Modules

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy H. Inassaridze, June 9, 1998

Abstract. Projective-affine relations and the fundamental theorem of affine geometry is studied.


N. Kochiashvili, I. Pustilnik

On Anomalous Limb Darkening in Close Binary Systems of Stars

Presented by Academician E. Kharadze, January 4, 1998

Abstract. It is indicated that in Algol-type binaries temperature inversion exists in the upper layers of the photosphere. The numerical results show that angular distribution of intensity of emerging radiation differs from the limb darkening law even in a spheric-symmetrical case.


G. Shonia, O. Namicheishvili

Adaptive Threshold Redundancy for Computing Systems

Presented by Academician N.Amaglobeli, August 7, 1998

ABSTRACT. The paper considers various strategies of restoring organ adaptation used in computing systems to make threshold redundency of binary channels.


K. Tavzarashvili, D. Metskhvarishvili, D. Karkashadze

Computer Simulation of Super High Frequency Antenna Optimisation

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T. Sanadze, December 2, 1997

ABSTRACT. Computer simulation and optimisation of SHF electromagnetic field focusing and directional radiation forming devices are considered, when anisotropy, absorbing magneto-dielectric materials are used.


G. Dgebuadze

High Productive Cryosorption Pump of Dismountable Construction

Presented by Academician R. Salukvadze, May 25, 1998

Abstract. A new construction of the cryosorption pump, which differs from known pumps with higher adsorptive capacity and lower consumption of liquid nitrogenis, is described in this article. Due to new technology of working surfaces, development of adsorbers heat protection and cooling schemes working range of the pressure is 10¸10-5 Pa.


N. Kekelidze, V. Jakeli, I. Ambokadze, N. Shamugia

The Low Temperature Mobility in Recompensable n-Si

Presented by Academician R. Salukvadze, September 7, 1998

ABSTRACT. Scattering process of free charge carriers from impurity ionized centres is studied in alloyed semiconductors. The conditions of the mobility in Brooks-Herring’s or Conwell-Weisskopt’s terms are analyzed including experimental verification. The experiment on the n-type-Si sample is in a good agreement with theory.


V. Jakeli, N.Kekelidze, I. Ambokadze, N. Shamugia

Free Carriers Mobility at Low Temperature in Weak
Compensating Semiconductors

Presented by Academician R. Salukvadze, August 10, 1998

Abstract. The temperature independence of scattering of free charge carriers on ionized impurity atoms in weak compensating semiconductors has been investigated. This dependence must be non-monotonous. Specific experiments confirmed the rightness of theoretical predictions and corresponding conditions.


A. Bichinashvili, M. Zviadadze, N. Papuashvili, T. Mkhatrishvili, V. Achelashvili

The Influence of the Loyage on the Branching Random Process in the g-Mn Alloys

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy of Sciences N. Tsintsadze, April 28, 1998

Abstract. The present paper outlines the influence of the loyage elements Pb, Sn, Ni and Fe on the branching random process in the loose g-Mn alloys. Particularly it is indicated that the loyage increases Ms and tetragonal degree - (1-a/c). The latest phenomenon is caused by size effect. The work shows that the character of the martensite transition is not changed by the loyage and indicates on creation of the module structure in the above-mentioned alloys.


N. Kurdiani, N. Metreveli, L. Khavtasi, N. Chikovani

Peculiarities of GaAs Photoconductivity Compensated by
Chromium Oxide

Presented by Academician T.Sanadze, May 27, 1998

ABSTRACT. We present the research of earlier observed anomalous photoconductivity of GaAs compensated by chromium oxide. The lifetime of nonequilibrium charge carriers in the zones of penetration of red radiation into the crystal estimated from the data on photoconductivity, appeared to be considerably more than the lifetime in the rest volume of samples. The studied crystals have high photosensitivity to red radiation which is connected with the indicated raised value of lifetime in near the surface layers of crystals. The data obtained for photosensitivity agree well with theoretical values of sensitivity. From the experimental data amplification coefficient of the studied samples is determined.

The carried out investigations make possible to recommend the studied crystals as indicators of infrared and red radiation in systems of optic connection.


S. Gotoshia

Lazer Raman-Spectroscopy Study of Selen Impurity Effect on the Vibrational Properties of A2B6 Semiconducting Red Cinnabar

Presented by Academician R. Salukvadze, July 8, 1998

Abstract. Natural mineral a-HgS from different mines has been studied by laser Raman-spectroscopy. The crystals differed from each other by selen impurity which samples from some mines included in. This fact as well as factor-group analysis gave us the opportunity to refer the E-type vibration which had been misidentified by some of the authors in 202cm-1 proximity to selen impurity gap vibration.


G. Chiradze, A. Gerasimov, N. Kutivadze, A. Bibilashvili, Z. Bokhochadze,
Z. Samadashvili

On the Mechanism of Silicium Microindenting

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T. Sanadze, December 15, 1997

Abstract. In order to make the mechanism of microindenting more clear, on the basis of analysis of experimental data on the influence of light spectral structure and light intensity upon the microhardness of monocrystallic Si, we made theoretical calculations, which showed the existence of narrow super-hard layer near the surface of Si. The influence of this layer upon the value of microhardness depends on the depth of indentor-immersion into the substance.


G. Karumidze, Academician R. Salukvadze

Application of Isotopes of Boron and Neutron Irradiation when Obtaining Tranzistor of Diamond Films

Presented October 12, 1998

Abstract. Technological method for creation tranzistor p-n-p as well as n-p-n in the diamond films using Boron stable isotopes (B-10, B-11) and neutron irradiation is described.


Corr. Member of the Academy R. Kiladze, N. Kachakhidze, V. Kukhianidze,
G. Ramishvili, M. Kachakhidze

Study of Possible Relationships Between Strong Earthquakes and Cosmic Phenomena for Seismoactive Regions of Turkey and Greece

Presented January 14, 1998

Abstract. Planet distribution has been studied for strong earthquakes of seismoactive regions for Turkey and Greece jointly, and for Turkey and Greece separately. Maximum and actual probabilities of planet locations in 50, 100, 200, 300 and 400 bands were computed. For five planets the so-called “prohibited areas” were found, i. e. the bands, where in case of getting of certain planets, no strong earthquake may occur in a considered region.


Z. Khvedelidze, D. Chitaladze

Some Models for Atmospheric Precipitation Forecasting and their Application in the Conditions of Eastern Georgia

Presented by Academician B. Balavadze, January 16, 1998

Abstract. Three different versions of atmospheric precipitation forecasting have been considered taking into account relief peculiarities of Eastern Georgia. Respective algorithms have been elaborated.


E. Jibladze, N. Butikashvili, N. Tsereteli

Multiparametric Map of Seismic Hazard Assessment of the Caucasus

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T. Chelidze, January 23, 1998

Abstract. Based on regularities of seismic regime and attenuation of intensity the map of seismic hazard was constructed, where the macroseismic intensity, PGA, Mmax and seismic risk are shown simultaneously.

AnalYtical chemistry

Sh. Shatirishvili, N. Chkhartishvili, I. Shatirishvili

Utilization of Chromatographic Methods for Alcohol-Water Mixture Analysis

Presented by Academician T. Andronikashvili, February 2, 1997.

Abstract. In the process of gas-liquid chromatography the high boiling temperature components have been defined in the Georgian indigenous home-distilled beverages.

Analytical Chemistry

N. Osipova, T. Kvernadze, N. Gogitidze, N. Kakriashvili

Identification of Cation Composition of Certain Mineral Waters of Georgia by Ion Chromatography

Presented by Academician T.Andronikashvili, October 6, 1997

ABSTRACT. Method of rapid identification of cation composition of mineral waters of Georgia “Borjomi” and “Sairme” by ion chromatography has been elaborated.

Organic Chemistry

T. Alavidze, T. Gogiashvili, V. Vasniov

Arsenic-Containing Dicarboxylic Acids and Synthesis of Dichlor Anhydrides

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy L.Khananashvili, June 12, 1998

ABSTRACT. Di-(p-carboxiphenyl) aryl arsinoxide has been synthesized and dichlor anhydrides are obtained.

Organic Chemistry

D. Tsakadze, A. Abdusamatov, Sh. Samsoniya

Phenolic Compounds from Galanthus caucasicus

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy D. Ugrekhelidze, December 31, 1997

Abstract. Three phenolic compounds: rutine, hyperozide and luteoline biozide were isolated and identified from Galanthus caucasicus.

Organic chemistry

E. Chachua, O. Mukbaniani, D. Gadziev-Shengelia, M. Karchkhadze,
A. Samsonia, Corr. Member of the Academy L. Khananashvili, N. Koiava

Methylsiloxane Oligomers with (Alkylthio)ethane Fragments in the Side Chain

Presented January 4, 1998

Abstract. The reactions of catalytic dehydrocondensation of hydroxy(alkylthio)ethane with a, w -bis(trimethylsiloxy)methylhydridsiloxane in the presence of anhydrous potassium hydroxide as a catalyst has been studied and siliconorganic ethers with (alkylthio)ethane fragments in the side chain has been obtained. The reaction order, activation energies and catalytic dehydrocondensation rate constants have been found. Thermogravimetric, thermomechanical and roentgenographic investigations have been carried out.

Physical Chemistry

T.Butkhuzi, N.Kekelidze, M.Sharvashidze, G.Natsvlishvili, N. Gamkrelidze, Z.Kuchukashvili

Impurity Defects Investigation Method in ZnO Monocrystals

Presented by Academician J.Lominadze, January 20, 1998

ABSTRACT. The use of ion-beam etching (IBE) on crystal surface has been studied. High monocrystal samples of ZnO have been obtained by means of quasi-epitaxy method. Free A, B and C excitons radiation was observed in photoluminescence spectra of ZnO layers for the first time.


Physical Chemistry

T.Kordzakhia, N.Kakhidze, L.Eprikashvili, Academician T.Andronikashvili

On Possibility of Application of Natural Zeolites of Sedimentary Origin for Desiccation of Ethylacetate

Presented December 8, 1997

Abstract. The studies deal with the process of desiccation of ethylacetate. The desiccation was performed using sorbents - natural zeolites such as analcime, laumontite, phillipsite, mordenite and clinoptilolite.

It has been shown, that by their characteristics of drying, natural zeolites such as phillipsite and mordenite, are not inferior to traditional desiccant such as NaA.


Physical Chemistry

G. Nakashidze, N. Topuridze, E. Kitsmarishvili, E. Japaridze, R. Tatarashvili,,
G. Chanturia, Kh. Gaprindashvili

Photoelectric Properties of Polyethylene Oxide

Presented by Academician K. Japaridze, March 30, 1998

Abstract. The present paper reports on thin films of polyethylene oxide and photoelectronic properties of layered structures (Si-polymer-metal). It is established that pure and doped polyethylene oxide is characterized by photoconductivity of pyroelectric nature. Polyethylene oxide doped with KHSO4 is characterized by extensive polarization and photosensitivity. The experimental data make possible the creation of nonselective photodetectors on the basis of doped polyethylene oxide.



I.Kebadze, T.Chakhunashvili, T.Chkonia, B.Purtseladze,
Corr. Member of the Academy L.Japaridze

Novel Methods of Ti-gMnO2 Anodes Preparation to Obtain Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide

Presented February 16, 1998

ABSTRACT. The present paper reports on two novel methods of titanium active layer electrodes preparation aiming at stabilization of anode potential while obtaining electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD): thermal decomposition and solution ozonization. In the first case manganese carbonate and acetate are used and in the second case - manganese sulfate and nitrate. The process of EMD obtaining on these electrodes from oxidized solutions of manganese sulfate is studied.


Pharmaceutical Chemistry

N.Jlantiashvili, M.Kakhabrishvili

Synthesis and Transformations of 20-carbethoxyhydrazone of 16a,17a-epoxy-5a-pregnan-3b,21-dihydroxy-20-one

Presented by Academician E.Kemertelidze, May 13, 1998

ABSTRACT. We report on more effective method for synthesis of 20-carbethoxyhydrazone of 16a,17a-epoxide, which is the intermediate product for 16a,17a-isopropylidene derivatives and 17a-thioanalogues. It is shown that cis-opening of 16a,17a-epoxide cycle takes place during acetylation. In compounds substituting 21-acetyl group the separation of 20-hydrazone group becomes easy.



D.Namgaladze, G.Natsvlishvili

One-dimensional Equation of Three-component Flow-Movement in the Pipe

Presented by Academician G.Svanidze, January 23, 1998

ABSTRACT. In this letter, we report pressure movement of three-component flow between the components of which phase transformations don’t take place. Using classical methods of hydrodynamics, equations of three-component flow and three continuity equations for each component are obtained.


Hydraulic Engineering


Calculation of New Spring Board Type Mud-Protective Constructions

Presented by Academician Ts.Mirtskhoulava, November 15, 1997

ABSTRACT. The paper deals with the new mud-protective constructions and their calculation method. The dimensions of mudflow-protective structures of the spring board type and the stability of the construction are calculated by means of modern finite element method, in the algorithm of which a loading, stiffness, and also the dynamic matrices of the system were envisaged.




On the Orkhevi Thrust

Presented by Academician I. Gamkrelidze November 20, 1997

ABSTRACT. On the basis of field observations and critical analysis of the literature the lately offered opinion about Quaternary age of the so-called Orkhevi (Ksani-Arkala) thrust is refuted. It is considered that early idea about pre-Akhchagilian age of thrusts and respectively of nappes on the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus should remain valid.


Physical Geography

T. Davitaya, G. Supatashvili, Corr. Member of the Academy
Z. Tatashidze, Z. Lezhava

Chemical Composition of Stalactite Concretions in Some Karst Caves of Georgia

Presented December 4, 1997

Abstract. Macro and micro chemical composition of stalactite concretions in some karst caves of Georgia has been studied. Volume fraction of admixtures along the length of stalactite is stable but in longitudinal section it increases from the center to periphery. This happens due to the change of chemical composition in recharging solution.



Academician I.Zhordania, V.Shengelaia, D.Melashvili, S.Doborjginidze, G.Kevkhishvili, M.Shengelaia

Mathematical Model of Continuous Steel Casting Process

Presented June 22, 1998

ABSTRACT. Mathematical model of continuous steel casting process has been developed basing on the laws of heat conduction. Corresponding recurrent formulae for computer realization of the model are given in this paper. The program allows to solve the problems of study and prognosis of technological process of continuous casting even in the case of simultaneous changes of all the given parameters. The model is flexible to define all the parameters of the process.


Machine Building science

V.Zviadauri, G.Tatrishvili

General Dynamic Model of Separation of Inhomogeneous
Free-Flowing Materials on Vibrational Plane

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy I.Jebashvili, January 12, 1997

Abstract. The general dynamic model of vibroseparation of inhomogeneous freelowing materials is developed. The interconnected motion of free flowing material and vibration plane is studied and the method obtaining of the mentioned motion equations is given.




Notes on Increasing the Reliability and the Precision of
Measurements of the Plane Angles

Presented by Academician M. Salukvadze, January 22, 1998

ABSTRACT. The derivation of a regular relationship and experimental results allowing to increase the accuracy of plane angle measurements are presented.



B. Shanshiashvili

On Identification of Linear Multidimensional Non-Stationary Systems

Presented by Academician M. Salukvadze, March 16, 1998


ABSTRACT. Parameter estimation of the linear multidimensional non-stationary systems, in case of some restrictions of system’s input and output variables and parameters is given. The problem of identification as inverse problem of solution of ordinary linear differential equation with variable coefficients is considered.


Plant Physiology

T. Barblishvili, M. Dolidze, Sh. Chanishvili, G. Badridze

The Effect of Growth Regulators on Transport and Distribution of Photoassimilates in Grapevine

Presented by Academician G. Sanadze, May 5, 1997

Abstract. The effect of source and sink organs treatment with growth regulators, abscisic acid (ABA), benzylaminopurine (BAP) and indoleacetic acid (IAA) on transport and distribution of assimilates in grapevine shoot in different phases of vegetation was studied. Application of all the mentioned substances to the upper and cluster zone leaves and to the cluster intensified 14CO2 assimilation and transport of photoassimilates. Alteration of 14CO2 assimilation, transport and distribution of 14C-photoassimilates with growth regulators was more significant in the case of cluster treatment.


Genetics and Selection

E.Lordkipanidze, N.Cherkezishvili, I.Taboridze L.Aladashvili

Genetic Aspect of Wrist Anomalies

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy T.Dekanosidze, March 30, 1998

Abstract. Heredity of wrist anomalies is of genetic heterogenic character. Among the etiological factors hereditary, hormonal and mutagenic factors are of high prognostic value, particularly chronic infections.



Corr. Member of the Academy G. Nakhutsrishvili

Ecological and Phytosociological Studies of Vegetation Alongside the Oil Pipeline in Saguramo State Reserve

Presented October 19, 1998

abstract. We present the study of vegetation alongside the oil pipeline in Saguramo State reserve. Ecological analysis is made. Special forestry engineering and bioengineering works are recommended.



Academician T. Oniani, N. Darchia, I. Gvilia, M. Eliava, M. Kochladze, V. Moliadze

The Effect of Selective Deprivation of Paradoxical Sleep on the Sleep-Wakefulness Cycle in Guinea Pigs

Presented February 23, 1998

ABSTRACT. Neurophysiological analysis of data obtained by instant awakening from paradoxical sleep (PS) or classic method of its deprivation has revealed in guinea pigs that during deprivation there occurs accumulation of the demand for this phase, while in post-deprivation period there is its selective rebound.


Human and animal physiology

Z.Mchedlishivili, I.Kalandadze, T.Kiguradze, L.Shanshiashvili, M. Kotetishvili, R.Solomonia, D.Mikeladze

g-Aminobutyric Acid and a Subunit of Ca2+/Calmoduline Dependent Protein Kinase Ii Amount in Different Brain Regions of Kroushinsky-Molodkina Rats

Presented by Corr.Member of the Academy V.Mosidze, December 23, 1997.

ABSTRACT. Kroushinsky-Molodkina (KM) rats reveal seizures in response to audiogenic stimulation and are used to study neurobiological aspects of epilepsy. Concentration of g-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and amount of a subunit of Ca2+/Calmoduline dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II) were studied in inferior colliculi (IC), hippocampus and neocortex of KM and Wistar rats. In hippocampus and neocortex of KM rats GABA amount was found to be significantly lower than in control animals, whereas IC revealed no differences in GABA concentration between epileptic and control rats. Immunoreactivity to a subunit of CaM kinase II was approximately twice higher in nuclear fraction of neocortex in Wistar rats, than in KM. Membrane fraction of all three investigated structures of KM rats were characterized with significantly higher amount of a subunit of CaM kinase II as compared to the control animals.


Microbiology and Virology

N. Manvelidze, E. Kvesitadze, E. Adeishvili

Isolation and Identification of Antibiotics from Basidiomycetes

Presented by Academician G. Kvesitadze, December 24, 1997

Abstract. The most actual problems of biotechnology are to find the strains producing biologically active compounds, to determine their optimum cultivation conditions, identify and isolate these compounds. The aim of our work was to isolate antibiotics from cultural filtrates of basidiomycetes: Oudemansiella mucida and Oudemansiella species, which have antifungal activity.




Diseases of Stevia rebaudiana (Bert.) Bertoni in Georgia

Presented by Academician B.Kurashvili, January 15, 1998

ABSTRACT. Pathologic mycobiota of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni was revealed and studied. Eight stimulants of wilting and seven pathogenic microorganisms of leaf spots have been established.



O. Gorgadze

Population of the Big Firefly (Lampyris noctiluca) and Some of its Biological Characteristics

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy I. Eliava, February 3, 1998

Abstract. The study of big fireflies (Lampyris noctiluca) in different natural ecosystems (deciduous forest, bushes, fields, agrocenosis) and biological peculiarities revealed by laboratory studies are presented. The propagation and protection of the above species is very important for Georgia.



I.Nakashidze, V.Darsalia, T.Javakhishvili

Effect of Blood Plasma of Patients with CNS Shock on the Blood of Experimental Animals

Presented by Academician T.Chanishvili, December 25, 1997

ABSTRACT. The observations show that the severity of action of different modes of shock on human organism and particularly on central nervous system is heterogeneous. The ways of going out of shock have been regarded.


experimental medicine

N.Kakauridze, Academician N.Kipshidze.

Dietary Fat Influence on the Total Cholesterol, Fibrinogen and Prolongation of QT

Presented September 21, 1998

ABSTRACT.The aim of this work is to establish the relation with lipid exchange, fibrinogen and ECG data using «high cholesterol breakfast» in CHD patients and in patients without it. 12 lead ECG, cholesterol total, fibrinogen were carried out for every patient. The laboratory and ECG investigation were made before and after 3 hours of breakfast. Postprandial increase of both fibrinogen and parallel prolongation of QT (marker of electrodestability and risk of arrhythmia) may be predictive of sudden death in CHD patients. Exogenous saturated fat and cholesterol with their relationship with fibrinogen and prolongation of QT show a great importance of nutrition and diet therapy. The subjects from the control group, with positive test can be singled out as a risk group for prevention of atherosclerosis.


Experimental Medicine

T.Avalishvili, N.Kherkheulidze, N.Kavlashvili

Cellular Immunity Data in Premature Newborns with Sepsis

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy N. Tatishvili, February, 12, 1998

ABSTRACT. The immunologic status of 250 premature with sepsis in age from 6 days to 1 year was studied.

The correlation is revealed between the hardness and prognosis of septical process with the level of blood fibronectin (FN) and nitro-blue-tetrazolium test (NBT). FN and NBT-test can be used as a critical test for early prognosis and treatment of septical process to prevent complications.


Experimental Medicine

E. Nikobadze, L. Gogiashvili

Morphologic Changes of the Adrenal Gland during Experimental Cardiogenic Shock

Presented by Academician N.Javakhishvili, January 26, 1998

Abstract. Morphological peculiarities happen in adrenal glands during cardiogenic shock were studied. The experiments were carried out on the 20 mongrel dogs with initial from body masses of 12-15 kg. Adrenal glands were dissected from each animal after 1-3 (group I) and 24-48 (group II) hours.

On the basis of the data observed in the histological and electron microscopic studies it is possible to speak not only of changes in the microcirculatory bed and in the parenchyma which are typical for shock, but also of the distinctive changes in “shock-organ” that may be considered as endocrine glands response to the specific pathological activity.


Experimental Medicine

D.Kipiani, N.Mitagvaria, T.Kipiani, I.Gvindzhilia

Anthropophysiological Approach in Tetrapolar Reoencephalography

Presented by Academician M.Khananashvili, August 3, 1998

ABSRACT. The original measuring complex on the basis of non-invasive methods of the examination of blood circulation and software, which form “Anthropos System”, allows to receive the perfect appraisal of the state of blood circulation.


Experimental Morphology

Z. Chiladze, Z. Chomakhashvili, G. Gvinjilia, Z. Vardiashvili, Z. Gvinjilia,

Morphological Criteria of Hemorrhage due to Thrombohemorrhagic Syndrome in Women with Nephropathy of Pregnancy

Presented by Academician T. Dekanosidze, January 9, 1998

Abstract. The article discusses the results of autopsy of 14 women died of hemorrhage due to nephropathy of different degrees. Analysis of the results showed that gross hemorrhage (the main reason of death) occured due to thrombohemorrhagic syndrome. The authors recommend to use heparin during obstetrical hemorrhage for complex treatment and prophylaxis.



Z. Vakhania

Strict Scientific Terms on the Level of Everyday Mentality

Presented by Academician Sh.Nadirashvili, January 14, 1998

Abstract. The main reason of the fuzzy nature of everyday concepts is the logical weakness of the everyday mentality. Even the strict scientific term is degenerated into the fuzzy term. Even the active knowledge of the exact definition isn’t enough to turn this fuzzy term into the logically accurate term.



M. Rusieshvili

The Functional Sense of a Proverb

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy M. Andronikashvili, March 5, 1998

Abstract. The author proposes that the functional essence of a proverb is to express underlying, archetypal Knowledge of the world and its phenomena.



M. Iamanidze

French Travellers in Georgia

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy G. Sharadze, July 13, 1998.

Abstract. We report on little known writings of French travellers of XVII-XVIII centuries about Georgia.




Three Visual Images of Spiritual Sphere in G.Tabidze’s Poem ‘The Sky-Blue, or the Rose in the Sand’

Presented by Academician G.Tsitsishvili, September 9, 1998

ABSTRACT. As a lyric poet, G.Tabidze has always shown great interest in man’s inner life and his psychological sentiments. The images of the rose in the sand, dying butterfly, the wounded swan inspired him for profound contemplation and broad generalization (‘The sky-blue, or the rose in the sand’).


History of Science

N.Bagaturia, A.Dolidze, R.Chagunava

The Distillation Equipment in the Laboratory of King Vakhtang VI

Presented by Academician T.Andronikashvili, July 23, 1998

ABSTRACT. King Vakhtang VI (1675-1737) “Chemistry” §§ 110-111 and his drawings were studied. It’s proved that the scientist King made the drawings of 3 types of distillation equipment. The drawing’s inscriptions are decoded and a valuable information about equipment and their details is derived.


History of Art

N. Iamanidze

Zhaleti Churh Stone Font Reliefs

Presented by Academician V. Beridze, September 21, 1998

Abstarct. The reliefs of the ancient Zhaleti stone font found in East Georgia are described in the paper.




To the Problem of Udin Language

Presented by Corr. Member of the Academy G.Topuria, 3 January, 1999

ABSTRACT. The paper reports on historical development of Udin Language and danger of its disappearance.